Shore Fishing Tackle
In most cases, tackle for shore fishing is no different from that used in fishing from a boat under the same conditions and for the same species of fish. Freshwater tackle is usually light for sunfish, small catfish, trout, smallmouth bass in streams, suckers, and small walleye. Medium tackle is used for largemouth bass, smallmouth bass in lakes, northern pike, carp, large catfish, and salmon. Heavy tackle is used for large salmon and trout, musky, striped bass, and large carp.
Surf-fishing tackle is larger than that used for freshwater fishing because the fish are often bigger. Weights used to keep baits or lures on or near the bottom in currents and moving tides are also heavier. Medium to heavy tackle is used. A typical surf-fishing outfit consists of a large spinning reel with 12- to 20-pound test line and a heavy 8- to 12-foot rod. Long rods allow you to cast farther. Surf anglers usually use live bait until fish are visible. Then they switch to lures.
Fish are wary creatures. This is especially true in shallow water near the shore. Anglers must walk carefully because vibrations from their footsteps can be transmitted to the water and sensed by fish, spooking them away.
Vibration is less of a problem when fishing rivers and streams because the water's current conceals most bank vibrations.
When wading, avoid dislodging rocks that might make sounds that scare fish. Vibration isn't a problem when fishing from breakwaters, jetties, and piers.
When you fish still waters, these tips will help you avoid being seen by fish. You should stay as low as possible, stay close to shrubbery, and wear dark or camouflage clothing. These are important since fish near the surface can easily detect movement on shore.